Some answers to frequently asked questions about our services. If you still have a question? Then please get in touch.

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What is climate risk assessment?

Climate risk assessment is a systematic process to identify potential hazards from climate-related events, trends, forecasts and projections, and to determine if adaptation is required  See also What is climate adaptation?

What is climate change data?

Climate change data is the output of climate models that describe long term trends in weather (i.e. climate). See also What is CMIP6?

What is climate resilience?

Climate resilience is the ability to anticipate, prepare for, and respond to hazardous events, trends, or disturbances related to the climate. Improving climate resilience involves assessing how climate change will create new, or alter current, climate-related risks, and taking steps to better cope with these risks. See also What is climate adaptation?

What is climate adaptation?

Climate adaptation seeks to reduce the risks posed by climate changes, and to benefit from any associated opportunities where possible. See also What is climate vulnerability?

What is carbon footprinting?

A carbon footprint is the sum total of all the greenhouse gas emissions that had to take place in order for a product to be produced or for an activity to take place. See also What is a greenhouse gas emissions inventory?

What is a greenhouse gas emissions inventory?

A greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory is a list of emission sources and the associated emissions quantified using standardised methods.  The Greenhouse Gas Protocol provides guidance for companies, organisations, countries and cities to measure and manage emissions (https://ghgprotocol.org). 

What is TCFD?

The Taskforce for Climate-related Financial Disclosure (TCFD) was created in 2015 to develop recommendations on the types of information that companies should disclose to support investors, lenders, and insurance underwriters in appropriately assessing and pricing risks related to climate change. More and more countries are introducing TCFD-aligned regulations (https://www.fsb-tcfd.org).  

What is the ICAO?

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is an agency of the United Nations that coordinates the principles and techniques of international air navigation, and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth.

What is climate vulnerability?

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) describes vulnerability to climate change as being determined by three factors: exposure to hazards (such as reduced rainfall), sensitivity to those hazards (which might be high, for example, in an economy dominated by rain-fed agriculture), and the capacity to adapt to those hazards (for example, whether farmers have the money or skills to grow more drought-resistant crops). Adaptation measures can help reduce vulnerability – for example by lowering sensitivity or by building adaptive capacity. They can also enable populations to benefit from opportunities caused by climatic changes, such as growing certain crops in areas that were previously unsuitable.

What is air quality management?

Air quality management refers to all the activities a regulatory authority undertakes to help protect human health and the environment from the harmful effects of air pollution. More information is available at: https://www.epa.gov/air-quality-management-process

What is carbon management?

Carbon management is the process of understanding how the operation of a business or organisation contributes to carbon (or other GHG) emissions and taking steps to mitigate or reduce them as much as possible. See What is carbon footprinting?

What is CRAAT?

The Climate Resilient Airports Assessment Tool (CRAAT) is an enterprise software tool  developed by Susteer AB that is consistent with ICAO guidance to assess climate risks at airports, identify options for adaptation and determine residual climate vulnerability. CRAAT uses ensembled climate model data from CMIP6 to quantify the likelihood of climate events at airports.

What is CMIP6?

The Coupled Model Intercomparison Project has completed its sixth iteration (CMIP6).  The project is organised under the auspices of the World Climate Research Programme and brings together  many hundreds of climate researchers, working with modeling centres around the world, to share, compare and analyse the latest outcomes of global climate models. These model products will fuel climate research for the next 5 to 10 years, while its careful analysis will form the basis for future climate assessments and negotiations. More information is available at https://www.wcrp-climate.org/wgcm-cmip/wgcm-cmip6

What is the IPCC?

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is an intergovernmental body of the United Nations established in 1988 and tasked to advance scientific knowledge about climate change caused by human activities.  The IPCC regularly publishes Assessment Reports, usually every six to seven years.  The latest set of assessment reports are available at https://www.ipcc.ch/assessment-report/ar6/.

Why should I pay for climate change data sets?

Climate change data is available from a variety of government websites either in summary or part-analysed formats. CMIP6 data is available from Copernicus (https://cds.climate.copernicus.eu/cdsapp#!/home) and other sites. Susteer AB provides CMIP6 data in easy to read comma separated variable (.csv) format that is specific to your location.

How can I assess the climate resilience of my assets?

There is a growing resource of guidance and tools available to assess the climate resilience of assets. Susteer AB can support you in determining the most effective and appropriate method.